is located in the southern Adriatic. The town developed on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, where sequence of Adriatic islands stops and the open sea begins. It lies on the southern slopes and at the foot of Mount Srđ. The wider Dubrovnik area includes a narrow coastline about 250 km long, extending from Klek to the west to Sutorina and cape Prevlaka in the east.
It has over 250 sunny days a year. The average annual temperature is 16.6°C and in summer 26°C. Snow and low temperatures are rare. The coldest month of the year is January, and the warmest is August. The sea bathing season lasts from April to October. In the year there are 109 rainy days, and in the summer only 14. The town is protected from north wind by the hill Srđ, and from the southern winds by the island Lokrum.
The city boasts of many old buildings, such as the Arboretum Trsteno, the oldest arboretum in the world, dating back to before 1492. Also, the third oldest European pharmacy is located in the city, which dates back to 1317 (and is the only one still in operation today). It is located at Little Brothers monastery in Dubrovnik.
George Bernard Shaw, visited the city in 1929 and said: "If you want to see heaven on earth, come to Dubrovnik."
In the bay of Dubrovnik is the 72-hectare (180-acre) wooded island of Lokrum, where according to legend, Richard the Lionheart, King of England, was cast ashore after being shipwrecked in 1192. The island includes a fortress, botanical garden, monastery and naturist beach.
Among the many tourist destinations are a few beaches. Banje, Dubrovnik's main public beach, is home to the Eastwest Beach Club. There is also Copacabana Beach, a stony beach on the Lapad peninsula, named after the popular beach in Rio de Janeiro.
A feature of Dubrovnik is its walls (1.1 million visitors in 2016) that run almost 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) around the city. The walls are 4 to 6 metres (13–20 feet) thick on the landward side but are much thinner on the seaward side. The system of turrets and towers were intended to protect the vulnerable city. The walls of Dubrovnik have also been a popular filming location for the fictional city of King's Landing in the HBO television series, Game of Thrones.
Dubrovnik has an international airport of its own. It is located approximately 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Dubrovnik city centre, near Čilipi.